CALCULATIONS IN CHEMISTRY

and quantitative chemical analysis

(plus links to qualitative chemical  tests)

Doc Brown's Chemistry KS4 science GCSE 9-1, IGCSE, O Level and GCE AS A2 Advanced A Level Revision Notes

CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS PAGES INDEX

On-line Quantitative Chemistry Calculations

Online practice exam chemistry CALCULATIONS and solved problems for KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE CHEMISTRY and basic starter chemical calculations for A level AS/A2/IB * F/H (foundation/higher) represent easier/harder UK KS4 GCSE/IGCSE/KS4 science-chemistry courses * There are 16 linked sections listed below * EMAIL query? comment e.g. spotted a silly error or request for type of GCSE calculation I don't seem to have covered? In sections 1-16 you can study definitions of the terms used and examples of how to do chemical calculations. Sections 2 to 6 illustrate the basic 'calculation' requirements for most UK GCSE Science students. Sections 1, and 7 to 15 cover most extra material for higher GCSE student in Science, triple award or IGCSE Chemistry. These revision notes and practice questions on how to do chemical calculations and worked examples should prove useful for the new AQA, Edexcel and OCR GCSE (9–1) chemistry science courses.

Just click on the icons for notes and examples of a particular type of calculation to revise from.

To self-test yourself for revision

click on the icon for a type in answer quiz,

or for a multiple choice quiz of 5Q's selected at random from the database

There are two larger combined quizzes for foundation (F) or higher (H) GCSE/IGCSE students.

F/H suggests general foundation/higher revising guidelines for GCSE level i.e. F+ H = some easy and some hard!

Please note the Quiz feedback either relates directly to the Q [???-xx] OR it may be a typical worked example.

Make sure you understand and can use the symbols: = equal to or equivalent to,

< less than, << much less than, much more than >>, more than >, proportionality sign , ~ approximately equal to

Links to NOTES and EXAMPLES of types of chemical calculations

Questions-quizzes only for A level are indicated

Many of these pages will help GCSE, IGCSE, O level and a level students

IGCSE/GCSE QUIZ abbreviations: FT Foundation Tier Quiz, HT Higher Tier Quiz

mc multiple choice quiz, sa type in a short answer quiz

TOP OF PAGE

QUIZZES

available

1. What is relative atomic mass? and how to calculate atomic mass from % abundance of  isotopes (Ar) * See also Mass Spectrometer and Ar and relative isotopic mass

1. Honly

or Honly

2. Calculating relative formula/molecular mass (Mr) of a compound or element molecule

2. F + H

or F + H

3. F + H

or F + H

4. Calculating composition by percentage (%) mass of elements in a compound and other % composition calculations

4. F + H

or F + H

5. Empirical formula and formula mass of a compound from reacting masses (easy start, NOT using moles)

or F + H

6a. Reacting mass ratio calculations of reactants and products and brief mention of actual percent % yield and theoretical yield, atom economy and formula mass determination (NOT using moles, but still based on the law of conservation of mass)

See sections 14.2a and 14.2b for more detailed notes on actual/theoretical % yield and atom economy.

or F + H

AND includes interpreting and deducing balanced chemical equations from the moles involved

7. H only

or H only

8. Using moles to calculate empirical formula and deduce molecular formula of a compound/molecule (starting with reacting masses or % composition)

or H only

9. Moles and the molar volume of a gas, Avogadro's Law

9. H only

or Honly

10. Reacting gas volume ratios, Avogadro's Law and Gay-Lussac's Law (ratio of gaseous reactants-products)

10. H only

or H only

11. Molarity, volumes and solution concentrations (and diagrams of apparatus)

11. H only

or H only

12. Volumetric titration calculations e.g. acid-alkali titrations (and diagrams of apparatus and descriptions of procedures)

12. H only

or H only

13. Electrolysis products calculations (negative cathode and positive anode products)

13. H only

or H only

14. Other miscellaneous calculations e.g. % purity, % percentage & theoretical yield, atom economy, volumetric titration apparatus, dilution of solutions (and diagrams of apparatus), water of crystallisation, quantity of reactants required

14.1 % purity of a product calculations

14.2a % reaction yield and theoretical yield calculations, why you can't get 100% yield

14.2b atom economy calculations

14.3 dilution of solutions calculations

14.4 water of crystallisation calculations

14.5 What quantity of chemicals are needed to carry out a reaction? calculation of quantities required and limiting quantity of a reactant

14. No Quiz written yet

15. Energy transfers in physical/chemical changes, activation energies and reaction profiles etc. (notes on a separate web page)

More enthalpy calculations explained for Advanced Level

15. F + H

or Honly

16. Gas calculations involving PVT relationship (Ideal Gas Equation) and determining molecular mass of a volatile liquid

only examples in notes

17 Radioactivity & half-life calculations including dating materials

18. Selection of 9 Advanced A Level Practical Exercises and Calculations involving Volumetric Analysis and Gravimetric Analysis

Advanced Level Calculations Only (but all the basics above)

(UK GCE-A-AS-A2 level, IB, US grades 11-12, AP honors students)

Acid-base and other non-redox titration questions

Redox volumetric titration questions

molecular equilibrium problem solving

Note that qualitative chemical tests are all in another section

Combined 'bumper' on-line Chemical Calculations Quizzes for KS4-GCSE-IGCSE

Basic GCSE/IGCSE Foundation Quiz on Ex. 2. to 6. (NO moles!)  (multiple choice)

More advanced GCSE/IGCSE Higher Quiz/GCE-AS(basic) on Ex. 1. to 13. (lots of moles!)

Basic GCSE/IGCSE Foundation Quiz on Ex. 2. to 6. (NO moles!)  (type in answer)

More advanced GCSE/IGCSE Higher Quiz/AS(basic) on Ex. 1. to 13. (lots of moles!)