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8. LONDON Southwark Cathedral - The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie)

Cameo Snaphots of the City of London

Photographed in 2010 and 2015

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Apart from Lambeth Palace, Southwark Cathedral is the important medieval building to survive in south London and contains original 13th and 14th century stonework. Southwark Cathedral has only been a cathedral since 1905 but in the Middle Ages it was the Augustinian Priory of St Mary, founded in 1106. This was destroyed by fire around 1212, in the following years some restoration work was done in 1303 it was described as 'for thirty years a ruin'! However by the end of the 14th century there was substantial rebuilding which lasted until major restoration work on Southwark Cathedral began in 1822.

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

Southwark Cathedral is just off the extremely busy Borough High Street to London Bridge Road in Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames. It stands on the site of a Saxon church built around 666. It was rebuilt in 1106 by the Normans but after a fire in 1206 it was completely rebuilt as the first Gothic style church in London.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The base of the tower is Norman and the choir, chancel, aisle and pillars of the transept date from the early 13th century.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The south-east entrance to Southwark Cathedral.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The tower of Southwark Cathedral, nave to the left, south transept to the right.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The great arches of the rebuilt nave of Southwark Cathedral which dates from the 13th century, but it was altered in 1469 and rebuilt to its original style at the end of the 19th century to match the 13th century choir.

 

Looking east down the nave to the chancel and altar. In 1838 the nave of Southwark Cathedral was pulled down and replaced by a neo-Gothic structure, in a similar style to the chancel.

 

Looking west down the nave to the west window of Southwark Cathedral

 

The west end of the nave of Southwark Cathedral

 

The roof of the nave of Southwark Cathedral, most of the present nave (the 4th) dates from the 19th century

 

Left: The roof of the nave of Southwark Cathedral

Right: The north aisle of the nave of Southwark Cathedral

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The crossing point of the north and south transepts of Southwark Cathedral

 

Left: The late 13th century north transept of Southwark Cathedral which includes fragments of the Norman building, but the four light north window is from the 19th century.

Right: The south transept of Southwark Cathedral, which is entirely 14th century in origin, the three light windows have Perpendicular tracery but the ornate four light south window is from the 19th century.

 

Looking from the south transept across to the north transept of Southwark Cathedral

 

Looking across from the north transept to the south transept Southwark Cathedral.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

Looking up and across into the North Transept (13th century) from the South Transept (14-15th century) of Southwark Cathedral.

 

The choir stalls, chancel, sanctuary and altar of Southwark Cathedral

 

Looking west from the choir stalls and chancel down through the nave of Southwark Cathedral

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The High Alter and the Great Screen a masterpiece of Tudor stonemasonry (erected by Bishop Fox of Winchester around 1520, much restored since) in the chancel of Southwark Cathedral.

 

Details of the stone Reredos above the altar of Southwark Cathedral, the statues date from 1905.

 

Looking down to north aisle of the north choir of Southwark Cathedral

 

3 light lancet stained glass window at the east end of the south aisle of the nave of Southwark Cathedral

 

The tomb of Edward Stuart Talbot in Southwark Cathedral

 

Details of the tomb of Edward Stuart Talbot

 

The Retrochoir, built from 1215-1260 and is the oldest complete part of  Southwark Cathedral. During the reign of the Roman Catholic Queen Mary (1553-1558) the trials of the 'Marian Martyrs' took place, part of the savage reaction to the Protestant Reformation.

 

The beautiful architecture of the Retrochoir of Southwark Cathedral, constructed after 1212, a magnificent 13th century piece of work.

 

The triple light stained glass window in the Retrochoir of Southwark Cathedral

 

Two 'modern' tall lancet stained glass windows in the Retrochoir of Southwark Cathedral. The one on the left is the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee window designed by Leifur Breidfjord.

 

Details of the Diamond Jubilee window in Southwark Cathedral

 

Some old gravestone carvings in the floor of the Retrochoir of Southwark Cathedral

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England  Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

(left) Bosses from the original 15th century nave ceiling demolished in 1830. There were originally 150 of them. Others are found in the tower crossing of Southwark Cathedral.

(right) A monument and stained glass window (of 1954, not shown) to William Shakespeare (the alabaster effigy was made in 1912) and a tablet to Sam Wanamaker, founder of Shakespeare's Globe, Bankside.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England  Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

(left) The tomb of the poet John Gower, died 1408, the 'First English Poet' and friend of Chaucer. He was Poet Laureate to Richard II and like his friend Chaucer, he wrote in English as well as French and Latin.

(right) A statue of a Roman 'Hunter God' found in archaeological excavations under  Southwark Cathedral.

 

Details of the John Gower tomb in Southwark Cathedral (from 1408). His head rests on his best known three books - Vox Clamantis (in Latin), Speculum Meditantis (in French) and Confessio Amantis (in English).

 

The monument-tomb of  John Trehearne and his wife (from 1618), Gentleman Portar to King James 1st of England

 

Details of the John Trehearne tomb

 

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Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England  Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

The tower crossing and tower of Southwark Cathedral. The crossing tower is 14th century in the lower parts and early 15th century in the two upper stages, but the big pinnacles date from 1689.

 

Southwark Cathedral - Scenes of London Town and City, England

Near the entrance to the cafe and shop is part of the archaeological excavations left open for public display. Excavations around Southwark Cathedral in 1999 revealed part of a Roman road, foundations of the original Norman Priory wall, a 13th century medieval stone coffin and part of a late 17th century 'Delft' pottery kiln made of brick, one of the few surviving arched kilns found in Europe.

 

The tower of Southwark Cathedral from a commuter train approaching London Bridge Station.

 

The tower of Southwark Cathedral is now totally dwarfed by the gigantic 'Shard' building when viewed acroos the arches of Southwark Bridge in the foreground.

 

Left: The Cafe of Southwark Cathedral

Right: Lancelot's Link which connects the west end of the cathedral to the cathedral shop, education centre and down to the refectory restaurant ('cafe').

 

Southwark Cathedral, London Town-City, England

Southwark Cathedral, London Town-City, England

Southwark Cathedral, London Town-City, England

Southwark Cathedral, London Town-City, England

Southwark Cathedral, London Town & City - There is a cafe and shop inside the wonderful building of Southwark Cathedral. There is also Cafe Brood right beside the grounds of the Cathedral.

Southwark Cathedral, London Town-City, England

Southwark Cathedral, London Town-City, England

 

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