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HOMEPAGE for all of Phil and Molly's Pics

HOMEPAGE Cleveland Scenes18. Unique Skinningrove !

Part 1 Skinningrove village

Scenes of Cleveland, North East England

re-edit 27/04/2023

* Index of Cleveland Scenes & Notes *

Walking from Skinningrove to Cowbar via Boulby Cliffs on a coastal part of the Cleveland Way long distance footpath - but spend a little time imbibing the atmosphere and history of Skinningrove and the majesty of Boulby Cliffs.

Skinningrove Village Cattersty Sands pier jetty Guibal Fanhouse Timms shops history fish & chips Cleveland Ironstone Mining Museum fishing cobble Repus tourist information guide

* Doc Brown's Science Website biology chemistry physics *

Skinningrove is a small fishing village on the northeast coast of England, located in the county of Cleveland, which was created in 1974 and abolished in 1996. It is said to have been founded by Danish pirates in the 9th century. The village became a centre for ironstone mining and shipbuilding in the 19th century, and fishing has always been an important industry there.

In the early 20th century, Skinningrove had a fleet of fishing boats and a fish market that sold fish to local towns and villages. However, by the 1960s, the industry had declined due to overfishing, changes in fishing methods, and the closure of traditional fishing grounds. Today, there are only a few small fishing boats in the village, and most of the catch is sold to local restaurants.

Despite the decline of the fishing industry, Skinningrove remains a small, close-knit community. The village has a rich cultural history, with many old buildings and monuments, such as the historic St. Helen's Church, which was built in the 12th century. The village also has a museum dedicated to its history, which features exhibits on the mining and fishing industries. Overall, Skinningrove is an important part of the cultural and historical heritage of Cleveland, and its fishing industry has played a significant role in the area's economic development.

Part 2. The walk from Skinningrove to Boulby Cliffs and on to Cowbar & Staithes is continued on Cleveland page 19

In its later history Skinningrove was an important centre for ironstone mining and, with Loftus, associated with important alum quarries.

 

The view down to Skinningrove Harbour from the minor road from Loftus, what you see in terms of history is a settlement derived from a medieval fishing village, a farming community, redeveloped in the 16th and 17th centuries (buildings of orange-brown local sandstone) and finally the massive 19th century impact of the industrial growth of the mining and ironworks industries in the area. Historically Skinningrove is linked to the A174 connecting the ancient ports of Yam and Whitby. You can walk in both directions along the coast, but circular routes are awkward - though it is possible to return to Loftus or the Skinningrove turn-off via bus.

 

The now disused harbour facilities ending with the rusting iron bulwarks. Skinningrove is first mentioned in 1273 as 'Scinergreve', in 1301 as Skynnergreve and by 1579 Skynnyngrave, which is pretty close to its current name. The name is from Old Norse personal name Skinnari, meaning a tanner, i.e. a worker involved in leather production. The manor of Skinningrove belonged to the de Brus family of Skelton Castle then the Thwengs of Kilton Castle (xref - Kilton Beck which runs down the ravine in which Skinningrove is situated). By 19th C the lands were owned by the Earl of Zetland.

 

First a little saunter across the bridge to the west side of Skinningrove. Note the reddish-orange-brown colour of the rocks and water due to the presence of iron mineral compounds. In 1848 ironstone mining took off in a big way with the opening of the Loftus drift mines. Together with the growing railway connections bringing materials in, the ironstone was shipped out of Skinningrove, initially to Tyneside blast furnaces and later to ironworks in Middlesbrough and County Durham - the small 'medieval' fishing and farming community drastically changed in appearance!

 

One of the old fishing cobbles WY220 (once Whitby registered) and called THE REPUS now converted to a base for the wooden sculptured figures of fishermen.

Skinningrove

Skinningrove Skinningrove

 

Graffiti at Skinningrove

 

Above the old industrial jetty the waste slag from the old iron works that has eroded to look like natural sedimentary rock cliffs.

 

Looking across Skinningrove harbour south-east to the high cliffs of Boulby - the dark silhouette in the distance.

 

Skinningrove

 

The old jetty from whose Staithes materials were transported in and out of Skinningrove via the bank in the foreground. This is sometimes called 'Skinningrove Pier' as well as 'Skinningrove Jetty'. The jetty has since been refurbished - see near end of page.

 

The Cleveland way heads north-west above the beach along the coast to Saltburn-by-the-Sea. along by Cattersty Sands.

 

Skinningrove

Cattersty Sands beach northwest of Skinningrove jetty.

 

Skinningrove

Cattersty Sands and Skinningrove jetty from Cattersty Viewpoint on the Cleveland Way

Skinningrove

 

Skinningrove

 

Skinningrove

An old concrete blockhouse from World War II on Cattersty Sands beach

 

Skinningrove

The cliffs above Cattersty Sands

Skinningrove

The 'light coloured' building on the distant left is the ruins of the Guibal Fanhouse (details below)

 

Skinningrove

The Guibal Fanhouse was used, along with 12 others like it, to ventilate the ironstone mines in the Skinningrove area.

 

You should be able to match all the features on the diagram with the images below!

 

Skinningrove Skinningrove
Skinningrove Skinningrove
Skinningrove Skinningrove
Skinningrove Skinningrove
Skinningrove Skinningrove
Skinningrove Skinningrove

 

Skinningrove

Just further along from the Guibal Fanhouse on Green Turf, below Warsett Hill is an attractive iron sculpture reminding people of the ironstone mining heritage.

Skinningrove

 

SkinningroveSkinningrove

Views south-east and north-west from where the 'road' ran above the coastal track and down to the jetty.

 

Returning back past THE REPUS and further potter around Skinningrove - a unique place, I don't know anything else quite like it, it has character all of its own and well worth a visit! The story of THE REPUS is told on a plaque by the boat.

 

The Repus is a traditional fishing cobble that has been restored and fitted out with two carved figures as a memorial to all those lost at sea off the Grove - very simple, very beautiful and very fitting for the location - thanks lads! and the rest of the friendly people of Skinningrove.

 

-

 

A little saunter up the road brings you to some of the older buildings, which thankfully, have not been demolished. Above is one section of an L shaped lines of houses called STONE ROW some of which are Grade II listed buildings.

There doesn't seem to be too many holiday cottages and I believe there is strong local community spirit.

A fine looking very early 18th century Grade II listed building in Mill Lane, Skinningrove, now a pub and coffee house cafe called TIMMS, and was once a manor house (dated 1704 on the sun-dial).

 

Sheila's 'village' store is a fine building and, not exactly attractive, but the shop is as equally useful as the Beach Road Fisheries for a really good fish and chips!

 

THE POWER HOUSE of the CLEVELAND IRONSTONE MINING MUSEUM which is situated at the top of the Skinningrove road where it meets the Loftus - Skelton road.

 

Anyway, back down to the coast and walk to Boulby Cliffs.

Some of the still used cobbles and other fishing boats hauled up by tractors and parked between the river and the beach. The occupations of Skinningrove's inhabitants have ranged from fishing, agriculture, sandstone quarrying, ironstone mining, alum manufacture and not to mention the odd bit of smuggling!

 

Skinningrove Village below, Corus Steelworks above and note on the upper-left the sharp peak of a waste tip from the now defunct Liverton Mines. In 1600 Skinningrove was just a little fishing village and a manor house. By 1850, this was all changed, iron ore was mined in e.g. Liverton and Skinningrove Ironstone Mines and an iron works was in full production where the Corus Steel Plant is today - hence the curious 'rock' formations on the north-west cliffs.

Skinningrove

 

The Corus Steel Plant can be seen above Skinningrove on top-left. This steelworks, sitting on Carlin How, has along industrial history, but what is its future in 2009? This picture is taken from looking down from the Cleveland Way footpath at the start of the stretch to Boulby Cliffs and Cowbar.

 

 

The wonderful coast walk can be pursued north-west if you so choose, but we head south-east for Boulby Cliffs. On the centre-left are the dark patches of the 'unnatural' cliffs formed from slag waste of the 19th century iron works.

 

Skinningrove

The breakwater at Skinningrove, once a port and quay for shipping in or out materials to do with the iron works that once stood on top of the cliffs - part of which are made from slag from the iron making furnaces. Construction work is ongoing (October 2015) to improve the coastal defences.

Skinningrove


The refurbished old industrial jetty - pier at Skinningrove

Skinningrove

Thousands of tons of Norwegian granite has been dumped to protect the shoreline southeast of the Skinningrove jetty.

 

Skinningrove

Skinningrove

Looking landwards along the Skinningrove jetty.

 

Skinningrove

Some old rusting pipes at the end of Skinningrove jetty.

Skinningrove Skinningrove

Skinningrove

Skinningrove 'bay' from the remnants of the industrial runway to the old jetty.

 


Part 2. The walk from Skinningrove to Boulby Cliffs and on to Cowbar & Staithes is continued on Cleveland page 19

HOMEPAGE for all of Phil and Molly's Pics

HOMEPAGE Cleveland ScenesPart 2 Boulby Cliffs, Ironstone Loftus Alum Works, Ironstone mines & Alum Mining and onto Cowbar

Scenes of Cleveland, North East England

* Index of Cleveland Scenes & Notes *

19. Walking from Skinningrove continued

Boulby Cliffs walks Ironstone mines & Alum Mining Cowbar car park Cleveland coastal walking

Climbing up the well laid out Cleveland Way on the path south-east out of Skinningrove. The small community of ~460 people is sandwiched between towering sea cliffs, which in the case of Boulby Cliffs, rise to a height of 666ft/203m and the houses are clustered around the iron stained Kilton Beck.

 

Is this an old watchtower-pillbox from the 2nd World War.

 

The fields along the coast are quite fertile and much grain is grown - very much needed as we head for a post-carbon oil economy! This is spectacular aerated walking!

 

Looking back up the coast down to Skinningrove.

This is superb coastal walking along a really clear path, part of the Cleveland Way.

 

The National Trust site of Loftus Alum Quarries. A few layers of stones are visible, but the site is mainly spoil heaps!

Loftus Alum Works is a historic site located near Boulby Cliffs in Cleveland, England. Alum was a vital commodity in the textile industry during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was used as a mordant in the textile dyeing process to fix the color to the fabric.

The history of the Loftus Alum Works dates back to the 1600s when the first alum industry was established in Northern England. During this time, England imported alum from Italy, which was a costly endeavor. To reduce the cost, England began searching for natural sources of alum within the country.

It was discovered that the sea cliffs near Boulby contained alum shale. Alum shale is a sedimentary rock that contains aluminum and sulfur compounds. The shale rocks were extracted from the cliff face using open-cast mining techniques. The extracted material was then heated in large kilns to extract the alum.

The Loftus Alum Works was established in 1654 by Sir Paul Neile. The works quickly became the largest alum producing site in the country. The alum produced at the works was used in the textile industry, enabling England to become self-sufficient in alum production.

During the 18th century, the demand for alum began to decline as new textile dyes were developed. The Loftus Alum Works struggled to remain profitable and eventually closed in the 1870s.

Today, the site is a designated Site of Special Scientific Interest due to the unique geological formations and rare flora and fauna that have developed over the abandoned shale pits. The site is also a popular location for hiking and nature walks.

The Alum quarries near Boulby Cliffs.

 

The grey shale debris from the alum quarrying. The pink waste is from the firing of the alum minerals.

 

The dramatic steep quarry face and alum mining debris below it.

 

Looking down on the old alum workings and spoil heaps below Boulby Cliffs

You can see some of the stone walls from the alum industry - a bit of industrial archaeology!

 

In the mist, Boulby Cliffs above the quarrying for Alum

 

The view from Boulby Cliffs west towards Staithes and Cowbar

 

The Loftus Alum Quarries at Boulby Cliffs are under the care of The National Trust.

 

You can still see some of the stonework of the walls of the Loftus Alum works.

 

The old trig point on the top of Boulby Cliffs

Looking towards Cowbar Nab as the weather deteriorates!

 

Looking back towards Skinningrove from near the top of Boulby Cliffs as the weather clears again.

 

Looking west to Cowbar and Staithes.

 

The spectacular high cliffs of Boulby over which the Cleveland Way passes from Skinningrove to Cowbar.

 

The Boulby Cliffs from Cowbar Nab.

 

Looking across the fields to Boulby Potash Mine

 

The car park at Cowbar.

 

Looking down into Staithes on the road down from Cowbar.

 

Part 1 Pictures of Skinningrove and notes on page 18

From Cowbar you can descend into Staithes and walk on to Runswick Bay etc.

 

*

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