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Scenes of Cleveland, North East England
A root cutter in High Street, Moorsholm Village. All photographs taken in April 2019.
St Mary's Church (built in 1892) and Church Hall, High Street, Moorsholm Village, where we parked to start the walk.
Moorsholm is a small village located in the county of Cleveland, in the
north-east of England. The village has a long and varied history,
stretching back many centuries.
Spout House look's quite old?, Moorsholm Village
The multiple water troughs on the High Street of Moorsholm Village.
You head generally north on footpaths in the general direction of Kilton.
We actually went a bit astray trying to find the location of the castle
We then found some old industrial workings from the mining days of East Cleveland.
The disused buildings are from the Kilton ironstone mine, first worked in 1873 by the Kilton Ironstone Company and closed in 1954.
This is the concrete reinforced winder house built in the 1930s with a 370 bhp electric winder motor.
This building was just being used as a barn by the local farmer.
There were various disused buildings from Kilton ironstone mine and evidence of where railway tracks ran.
Kilton Ironstone mine is located in Cleveland, England,
and was opened in the mid-19th century, during the Industrial
Revolution. The mine was owned and operated by the Bolckow Vaughan
Company, one of the most successful iron-making firms in the region, and
played a significant role in the growth of the iron and steel industry
in the UK.
In the distance you could see the 'man-made' hill of Kilton Mine shale tip. Old ovens of some sort from Kilton ironstone mine?
The largest section of Kilton Castle wall still standing.
On the right is the remains of one of the medieval round towers, half-collapsed now!
A few corbels can still be seen that would have supported a floor, perhaps of the Great Hall of Kilton Castle.
We returned south to Moorsholm Village via a few yellow fields of rapeseed oil crops.
Looking back to man-made Kilton Hill
and across the fields (on footpaths!) back to Moorsholm Village
More on Moorsholm (adapted from Wikipedia)
Moorsholm is a village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.
The village lies 5 miles (8 km) from Saltburn-by-the-Sea between the North York Moors and the North Sea. Because of its proximity to the North Sea coast the area was vulnerable, historically, to attack by invaders from Scandinavia. The name of Moorsholm is of Viking origin with the suffix holm, which meant a settlement, being affixed to the location of the village by the moors: so meaning settlement by the moors. The village used to be called Great Moorsholm to distinguish it from a farm called Little Moorsholm, which is the other side of the Hagg Beck Valley to the north. 'Little Moorsholm' is a title now more commonly applied to a more modern housing estate between that farm and Lingdale. The settlement was mentioned in the Domesday book as Morehusum, belonging to the Earl of Morton and later Clan Bruce, ancestor to the kings of Scotland, and from them descended to the Thwengs, Lumleys, and others. It was a planned mediaeval village built along a main street with crofts and their associated tofts on each side. The church of St Mary, Moorsholm, was built in 1892 and is of stone in 12th-century style. It consists of chancel, nave and west tower.
Although only a small village
Moorsholm has a few sports available, with some ventures having to
recruit better players from local teams such as Loftus and Guisborough.
Moorsholm Athletic is the village football team. It is for under-15s and
is currently in Division 5 in the Teesside Junior Football Alliance
(TJFA). In recent years villagers have started their own tournament,
pitting the under 30s in the village against the over 30s as an
11-a-side extension of the popular summer 5-a-side fixture. Quoits,
bowls and darts are two of their most successful sports.
More on Kilton Castle
Robert, Earl of Mortain and Cornwall (son of conqueror’s mother by Herlewine de Conteville - half brother of William) was granted 215 manors in Yorkshire many in Cleveland.
He sub-infeuded many in Cleveland to Richard de Surdeval.
Mortain then lost possessions due to conspiracy against William 1088 but Surdeval kept his manors as tenant in chief and built Skelton Castle.
Robert de Brus came over in 1091 awarded De Surdeval’s lands granted land round Castleton – built castle.
Robert had 2 sons Robert and Adam. Son Robert founded royal line of Bruce in Scotland. Adam and heirs kept Cleveland lands in family up to 13 cent. with castles at Castle Leavington/Skelton/Castleton
Niel Fozzard, also a sub-feudatory of Mortain raised five castles – Mulgrave, Langthwaite, Birdsall, Lockington and Aughton. Mulgrave passed to Turnhams by marriage.
Percys, also Mortaine sub tenants, received the lands in chief at time of Mortains fall from grace. The Kyltons of Kilton Castle were sub-feudatories of the Percys.
Kilton Castle was the residence of Kyltons followed by the Thwengs, Lucy de Thweng being born there in March 1278–9 ; it afterwards passed into the hands of the Lumleys. It is first mentioned in 1265, when Ralph Prior of Guisborough granted a chantry in the chapel in Kilton Castle to Marmaduke de Thweng. It must have been abandoned as a dwelling place soon afterwards. In 1341 and 1345 the castle is described as small and worthless and the park as “without game”. The castle followed the descent of the manor and is last mentioned in 1696. · In the Middle Ages Mortain in Normandy was the head of an important county (comté),
In or about 1049 Duke William took it from William Warlenc and bestowed it on his half-brother, Robert, thenceforth known as "count of Mortain," whose vast possessions in England after the Conquest (1066) gave name to "the small fees of Mortain," which owed less feudal service than others. Robert was succeeded as count by his son William, Count of Mortain, who rebelled against Henry I, was captured at the battle of Tinchebrai (1106) and forfeited his possessions.
The castle of Kilton occupies a commanding situation on a projecting spur on the west side of Kilton Dale. The sides of the valley at this point are extremely precipitous and so thickly wooded that no distant view of the ruins is possible. The site of the castle on a long and narrow ridge is unusual, and the result is an irregular quadrilateral inclosure some 300 ft. long with an average width of about 60 ft. It is approachable only on the west side by a narrow neck, once defended by a deep ditch still in part discernible. On every other side the ground falls away rapidly from the base of the walls.
Extensive further earthwork defences are said to have existed in a field to the west, but little trace of these is now apparent. The castle is evidently of an early type, and it appears to have become ruinous in the 14th century. Two distinct dates of building are observable in the existing remains; the earlier, distinguished by rubble masonry and a small chamfered plinth course, may perhaps be assigned to the later part of the 12th century, while the later ashlar-faced building belongs to the succeeding period and represents alterations of the early 13th century.
The ground level within the inclosure is considerably higher than outside as at Mulgrave, and the curtain consequently becomes a retaining wall for part of its height, an arrangement that accounts for the ruinous state of most of the outer walls at the present time. The walls are most complete on the north face, where the lower portions of the curtain and towers are but little broken; on the south face only fragments of the rubble core of the walls now exist. The building was apparently divided into two unequal portions by a tower placed on the northern curtain and extending half across the inclosure and forming an inner and outer ward. No trace of the gate-house, which must have stood at the west end, remains, but to the north of it is a large mass of ruin apparently of a building lying east and west, and measuring 64 ft. 9 in. by about 32 ft.
The west and north walls rise to a considerable height, and in the latter are a row of corbels to support the floor above. The angle has a heavily projecting clasping buttress, the interior being cut away to form a small chamber, probably a garderobe. The jamb of a door leading to a similar chamber remains at the first floor level. The whole structure is of the early type of masonry with a plinth course carried round the buttress, but no windows or openings exist in either wall.
Of the south side of this building only foundations remain with a single fragment of the east end. A considerable length of curtain to the south of this building is standing, but it is rubble core only. Some 100 ft. to the east stands the great tower dividing the two wards. It projects somewhat in advance of the northern curtain, which was apparently cut away to receive it.
The wall on the west side indeed appears to be a later insertion, as it is built up against the plinth of the tower. This structure is of 13th-century date with massive ashlar-faced walls 8 ft. 6 in. thick. The existing portion is the basement story only, and is entered by a doorway on the west side, of which the head is gone. The exterior has been almost completely robbed of its facing, which was finished at the base with a deep tabled plinth neatly jointed. The southern half of the tower is now represented by foundations only and appears to have had no basement. From this point to the north-east angle of the fortifications is a distance of rather over 100 ft. The curtain is apparently original, with a segmental bastion (some 14 ft. in diameter) about half-way along, added in the 13th century. Immediately to the east of this is the mouth of a garderobe pit. The north-east angle of the castle is
defended by a large bastion projecting in a northerly direction, which is the best preserved portion of the ruins. The building is rectangular with a segmental north end and is 14 ft. 2 in. across internally. It dates from the 13th century with ashlar-faced walls and a similar plinth to that of the central tower—three courses high and capped with a small moulding. The southern wall of the tower has gone, but the other three sides are more or less complete for the two lower stories.
The ground floor has a small fireplace on the west with boldly moulded corbels, one supporting a stone hood. In the centre of the segmental end is a cruciform loop, and on the east side a deeply splayed singlelight window opening with a plain pointed head. A second window of similar character exists at the first floor level. The later 13th-century work of this tower terminates at a massive buttress on its eastern face, and the few remaining fragments of the curtain standing further south on that side are of the earlier period with a chamfered plinth.
A large mass of rubble core at the south-east angle of the castle probably represents another tower at this point. The curtain on the southern face follows an irregular line, which can be traced for almost its whole course, but with the exception of a fragment of 13th-century plinth about half-way along no facing or worked stone is left in position. The ruins have evidently been much quarried in the past, but within recent years efforts have been made by inconspicuous repairs to preserve the remaining fragments of the castle.
Kilton Castle was probably built by the Kilton family and was the residence of their successors the Thwengs, Lucy de Thweng being born there in March 1278–9 (fn. 6); it afterwards passed into the hands of the Lumleys. (fn. 7)It is first mentioned in 1265, when Ralph Prior of Guisborough granted a chantry in the chapel in Kilton Castle to Marmaduke de Thweng. (fn. 9) It must have been abandoned as a dwellingplace soon afterwards. In 1341 and 1345 the castle is described as small and worthless and the park, which is then first mentioned, as without game. The castle followed the descent of the manor and is last mentioned in 1696.
Kilton Hall lies to the north-west of the castle, and further north is Kilton Mill, which was appurtenant to the manor in 1341, when it was described as broken down.
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