WEARDALE RAILWAY YORKSHIRE DALES and North Pennines scenes and notes THE WENSLEYDALE RAILWAY North Yorkshire LAKE DISTRICT PICTURES of England's Northern Lakeland CLEVELAND, North East England, Scenes & Notes YORK Scenes and Notes HEAD of STEAM Railway Museum LONDON Scenes and Notes
Email Docs Pics NORTHUMBRIA, Co. DURHAM and NEWCASTLE Scenes and Notes NORTH YORKSHIRE MOORS RAILWAY SCENES Shildon LOCOMOTION National Railway Museum Co. Durham SCOTLAND - SCOTTISH Scenes and Notes YORK NATIONAL RAILWAY MUSEUM plus live steam! Steam Train and Locomotive Photographs from the late 60's City of OXFORD Scenes & Notes CAMBRIDGE City England Images & Notes

Holidays in the Northumberland Northumbria Newcastle Co. Durham, interesting places to visit in the Northumberland an areas of outstanding natural beauty, good places to say in Northumberland, pretty villages and scenic walks in Northumberland, holiday cottages in North Yorkshire, weekend breaks in luxury hotels in Northumberland, places to dine out in Northumberland and Newcastle walking on Hadrian's Wall visiting historic sites in Co. Durham, historic sites in Northumberland weekend hotel breaks in Northumbria

HOMEPAGE for all of Phil and Molly's PicsMy HOMEPAGE for Newcastle Upon Tyne, County Durham and Northumbria 72. Tees Cottage Pumping Station, Darlington

  North East Index

 Scenes of North-East England, Newcastle upon Tyne, Co. Durham & Northumbria - Northumberland

The photographs of Tees Cottage Pumping Station were taken at the Open Day in 2021

The Tees Cottage Pumping Station is a Victorian water pumping station complex at Broken Scar high above  the River Tees near Low Coniscliffe just west of Darlington (the site entrance is on Coniscliffe Road - A67 road to Barnard castle). The pumping station was built and developed from 1849 to supply drinking water for Darlington and the surrounding area. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument of historic interest and houses two completely original pumping engines in fully working order. The first and most important historically is a 1904 beam engine, built by Teasdale Brothers of Darlington, which is still steamed on open days using the two original 1902 Lancashire boilers. There is also a rare 1914 two-cylinder gas internal-combustion engine, the largest such engine surviving in Europe. Both engines can be seen in operation on certain weekends through the year, using the original pumps to pump water up from the River Tees which flows below the cliffs of Broken Scar.
*
Doc Brown's Science Website biology chemistry physics *

Beam engine pump House Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The grand design of the beam engine house of the pumping station and the chimney stack from the boilers in the rear.

The steam and gas engines were superseded in 1928 by electrically powered centrifugal pumps which worked until 1980 (two of which survive).  A machine tool workshop has survived, complete with the belt-driven line shafting, as has the on-site blacksmith's forge, which is often fired-up and demonstrated on open days. Three of the four original filter water storage ponds can also be seen at the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

vintage cars Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

A selection of vintage cars are on view to add extra interest to the Tees Cottage Pumping Station open day.

 

old fire engine by one of the ponds Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

An old fire engine by one of the ponds.

The Tees Cottage pumping station is considered unique for several reasons. Very few pumping stations are on their original site and using their original boilers. Tees Cottage Pumping Station also has what is considered to be the largest working preserved gas engine in Europe and still has all the electric pumps and switch gear from 1926, and can still pumps water as intended.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

The Beam Engine of Tees Cottage Pumping Station

The 1904 beam engine was one of the last waterworks beam engines ever built, the 'tops' in beam engine pumping development. It is a rotative, two-cylinder Woolf compound engine, designed by Glenfield and Kennedy of Kilmarnock and built by Teasdale Bros, under T&C Hawksley, Civil Engineers, London.

The beam is just over 30 feet (9.1 m) long, weighing 25 tons; the flywheel is 21 feet (6.4 m) in diameter, and the high- and low-pressure cylinders measure 18" and 29" respectively (46 cm and 74 cm). It is housed in a splendid building erected for an earlier beam engine in 1849 (pictures above).

The Tees Cottage Pumping Station engine ran almost continuously from 1904 to 1926, when new electric pumps were commissioned; but it remained on operational standby until the mid-1950s, and continued to be run one day each year, on the order of the Borough Engineer, until at least 1968.

Diagram of how the beam engine works at the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Diagram of how the beam engine works at the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The view when you enter from the entrance to the pump house.

 

beam engine house is built in the great architectural style of the Victorian industrial revolution era a cathedral to steam power! Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The beam engine house is built in the great architectural style of the Victorian industrial revolution era - a 'cathedral' to steam power!

 

great fly wheel and spinning governor to control the rotation speed of the beam engine Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The great fly wheel and spinning governor to control the rotation speed.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

A lot of 'heavy duty' cranks and shafts to be seen - difficult to photograph at times because of their sheer size and huge connecting rods!

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station  Your first view of the beam engine!

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station  Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station  Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

pumping cylinders of the beam engine Tees Cottgae Pumping Station  Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The pumping cylinders of the beam engine.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station  Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The view of the River Tees from the pump house.

 

great beam of the beam engine of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The great beam of the beam engine on the top floor of the pump house.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Views looking down the connecting rods from the great beam.

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

beam counter, every cycle counted since the beam engine was first working of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The beam counter, every cycle counted since the beam engine was first working.

 

The Lancashire boilers

Lancashire boiler works on the principle of the heat exchanger.

The heat is a transfer from exhaust gases to the water through convection.

It is a natural circulation boiler that uses natural current to flow the water inside the boiler.

It is basically a shell and tube type heat exchanger in which the exhaust gases flow through the tubes and the water flows through the shell.

It has twin fireboxes, as you can see in the picture below and a skilled fireman balances the heat output of them, though one can be operated without firing the other.

Lancashire boilers of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The Lancashire Boilers

 

The twin fireboxes of one of the two Lancashire boilers that power the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The twin fireboxes of one of the two Lancashire boilers that power the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

The Lancashire boiler of 1902 No. 102 of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The Lancashire boiler of 1902 No. 102

 

  The Lancashire boiler of 1902 No. 101 of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The Lancashire boiler of 1902 No. 101

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

A view of both Lancashire boilers of the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

The three remaining ponds are all visible in this view from the pump house of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The three remaining ponds are all visible in this view from the pump house of the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Some small steam traction engines, adding more interest on the Open Day of the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Some classic British motor bikes, adding further interest on an Open Day of the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

The Gas Engine of Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

The 1914 gas engine is by Richard Hornsby & Sons of Grantham, with pumps by Hawthorn, Davey & Co. of Leeds, and all housed in a building of 1853 which previously accommodated an earlier steam engine (picture below). It presently runs on mains gas, but originally used producer gas from an adjacent plant on site. The producer plant is still in situ and open to the public; however it suffered at least two explosions over the years, evidence of which is still clearly visible with a few cracks in the iron piping, and so is no longer operational.

The brick building housing the gas engine of the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The brick building housing the gas engine of the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

Catalogue picture of a Hornsby-Stockport Double Cylinder Gas Engine used at the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

The catalogue picture of a Hornsby-Stockport Double Cylinder Gas Engine used in the past by the Tees Cottage Pumping Station.

 

Contemporary photographs of the Hornsby-Stockport Double Cylinder Gas Engine and still working at the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Contemporary photographs of the Hornsby-Stockport Double Cylinder Gas Engine and still working at the Tees Cottage Pumping Station using natural gas.

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

Part of the suction gas plant once used at the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Part of the suction gas plant - suction gas is a mixture water gas (hydrogen + carbon monoxide) and producer gas (carbon monoxide and nitrogen).

How they are produced at the Tees Cottage Pumping Station is described below and both are hazardous processes, with two notable explosion that has left there marked as a cracks in the iron system!

How the suction gas plant produced water gas and producer gas at the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

 

Catalogue picture of a typical Hornsby-Stockport suction gas producer and gas engine Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Catalogue picture of a typical Hornsby-Stockport suction gas producer and gas engine.

 

Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

Part of the connecting machinery to the water pumps.

 

How the gas engine worked at the Tees Cottgae Pumping Station

How the gas engine of Tees Cottage Pumping Station worked.

My HOMEPAGE for Newcastle Upon Tyne, County Durham and NorthumbriaHOMEPAGE for all of Phil and Molly's PicsNorth East Index

The north-east of England is as varied as anywhere in the country with much to offer the tourist with lots of interested places and buildings to visit  whether in the City of Newcastle or the surrounding coast and countryside of County Durham and Northumbria (part is old county of 'Northumberland') and its many varied districts and regions rich in history, industrial archaeology and good walking country, lots of major tourist attractions, a wide selection of accommodation to suite all budgets from hotels, B&B's, rented property, and hostels. Digital images pictures photos photographs DocsPics Phil Brown for a selection of interesting, scenic and historic places to visit and walk around and the many tourist attractions in the North-East of Northern England dining out travel tours top tourist destinations tourist information weekend breaks mini-breaks family holidays restaurants touring coach trips continental tours cruise ships pleasure cruises summer breaks spring breaks continental winter breaks winter holidays spring holidays summer holidays North East England docspics photos images pictures Phil Brown * touring holidays in Newcastle, Durham and Northumbria-Northumberland, tourism information, top tourist attractions, accommodation, luxury hotels, B&B, holiday cottages, property,  pubs, cafes, restaurants, historic towns & cities, churches, castles, abbeys, museums, art galleries, local transport, interesting buildings properties, great walking country, varied scenic walks historic industrial archaeology sites in County Durham docspics images photos of Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham Phil Brown Tourist information on Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, Walks near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, Having holidays near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, England, Top tourist attractions near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, luxury hotels near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, self-catering holiday cottages near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, airbnb air B and B near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, quality B&B near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, friendly pubs near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, cafes near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, eating out in fine restaurants near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, weekend breaks near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, wining & dining weekends near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, walking holidays around Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, touring coach tours including Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, pretty villages near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, historic towns and pretty village near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, museums near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, local art galleries near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, guided walks from Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, excellent fell hill walking around Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, rambling near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, exploring the landscape near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, good places to eat near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, tourist attractions near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, tourist information for places near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, good places for wining and dining near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, good walks near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, properties for sale near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, renting a flat or house near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, property for rent near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, houses for sale near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, lettings near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, places to rent near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, holiday cottage accommodation near Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham historic industrial archaeology sites in County Durham docspics images photos of Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham northern England Phil Brown Tourist information on Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, Things to do in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, What to see in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, guided walks in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, weekend breaks in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham holidays in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, Top tourist attractions in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, luxury hotels in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, self-catering holiday cottages in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, airbnb air B and B in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, B&B in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, friendly pubs in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, cafes in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, eating out in fine restaurants in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, bargain holiday breaks in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, wining & dining weekends in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, touring coach tours visiting Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, pretty areas in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, historic buildings in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, visiting museums in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, local art galleries in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, guided walks in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, history of Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, architecture of Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, trains to Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, historic houses in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, historic churches in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, information centre in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, heritage places in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, good places to eat in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, top tourist attractions in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, tourist information for things to do and see in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, good places to eat out in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, good places to walk to in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, tourist attractions properties for sale in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, renting a flat of house in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, property for rent in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, houses for sale in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, lettings in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, places to rent in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham, holiday cottage accommodation in Tees Cottage Pumping Station Open Day, Darlington, County Durham historic industrial archaeology sites in County Durham

Holidays in the Northumberland Northumbria Newcastle Co. Durham, interesting places to visit in the Northumberland an areas of outstanding natural beauty, good places to say in Northumberland, pretty villages and scenic walks in Northumberland, holiday cottages in North Yorkshire, weekend breaks in luxury hotels in Northumberland, places to dine out in Northumberland and Newcastle walking on Hadrian's Wall visiting historic sites in Co. Durham, historic sites in Northumberland weekend hotel breaks in Northumbria

WEARDALE RAILWAY YORKSHIRE DALES and North Pennines scenes and notes THE WENSLEYDALE RAILWAY North Yorkshire LAKE DISTRICT PICTURES of England's Northern Lakeland CLEVELAND, North East England, Scenes & Notes YORK Scenes and Notes HEAD of STEAM Railway Museum LONDON Scenes and Notes
Email Docs Pics NORTHUMBRIA, Co. DURHAM and NEWCASTLE Scenes and Notes NORTH YORKSHIRE MOORS RAILWAY SCENES Shildon LOCOMOTION National Railway Museum Co. Durham SCOTLAND - SCOTTISH Scenes and Notes YORK NATIONAL RAILWAY MUSEUM plus live steam! Steam Train and Locomotive Photographs from the late 60's City of OXFORD Scenes & Notes CAMBRIDGE City England Images & Notes

TOP OF PAGE