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ICSE Classes IX and X CHEMISTRY  *  ISC Classes XI and XII CHEMISTRY

 Doc Brown's Chemistry   INDIA - CBSE Science-CHEMISTRY CBSE Chemistry Class X, Class XI and Class XII

Helps the CHEMISTRY of the Indian syllabus-specifications of the CBSE (India's Central Board of Secondary Education)

The colour coding is [ORGANIC], [INORGANIC], [PHYSICAL-THEORETICAL]and [useful basic revision notes]

[Each link opens up in a new window] [ALL LINKS SHOULD WORK IF THIS PAGE IS SAVED]


Email query?comment about this page BUT I do NOT have time to answer chemistry questions at the moment and I do NOT deal in past examination papers. My site is NOT comprehensive but I hope sections of it will help for many topics on your chemistry course.


CBSE Chemistry Class X (class 10)

Science Unit 1: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

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Section on - Acids, bases and salts : General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale, importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

  1. Notes on Acids, Bases, Alkalis, pH, Neutralisation and Salts - includes theory, lots of formulae and word and balanced symbol equations, salt preparations and equations

  2. Group 7 The Halogens Notes - section on uses of  chlorine, hydrogen and sodium hydroxide Alphabetical keyword-phrase list at top of page.

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Section on - Chemical reactions : Chemical Equation, Types of chemical reactions : combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction in terms of gain and loss of oxygen and hydrogen.

  1. Types of Chemical Reactions - 40 different reactions-processes are described, use the top alphabetical index to find examples of the reaction type you seek, Email me if one is missing, always happy to add extra examples.

  2. The Reactivity Series of Metals - includes an introduction to Redox Reactions

  3. Notes on Acids, Bases, Alkalis, pH, Neutralisation and Salts - includes theory, lots of formulae and word and balanced symbol equations, salt preparations and equations

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Section on - Metals and non metals : General properties of Metals and Non-metals, reactivity series, Formation and properties of ionic compounds, Basic Metallurgical processes, corrosion and its prevention.

  1. The Reactivity Series of Metals, Corrosion and  Redox Reaction Notes - The reactions of metals with oxygen, water and acids, displacement reactions, rusting of iron and preventing its corrosion, plus a detailed introduction to oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions. The notes on each metal are listed in reactivity order - index at top of page

  2. Summary of the Periodic Table - Explanation and overview of Groups, Periods, Series etc. comparison of metals and non-metals, with links to more detailed notes on the Group 1 Alkali Metals, Group 7 Halogens, Group 0 Noble Gases and Transition Metals

  3. The Mining of Minerals and the Extraction of Metals - the extraction of aluminium, chromium, copper (and purification), iron, sodium, titanium and zinc, method details and equations, and method related to reactivity of metal and environmental issues - Use keyword-metal top index

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Section on - Carbon Compounds : Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon, Nomenclature of carbon compounds, Functional groups, difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

  1. Oil and useful products - The hydrocarbons from oil and their uses e.g. alkanes, alkenes, fuels, polymers/plastics, fossil fuels and environmental problems etc.

  2. Further Organic Chemistry Notes - Alkane & alkene homologous series 'families', alcohols like ethanol, other organic molecule families e.g. carboxylic acids, esters, polymers, Natural molecules - carbohydrates, sugars, amino acids, proteins and cooking, natural fats & oils, soaps Use sub-index and keyword list at top of page.

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Section on - Periodic classification of elements : Modern Periodic table, Gradation in Properties.

  1. Periodic Table Notes Part 11: Compiled tables of data on Groups 1-7,0 and 3d-block-Transition Metals links to periodicity graphs

  2. Summary of the Periodic Table - Explanation and overview of Groups, Periods, Series etc. comparison of metals and non-metals, with links to more detailed notes on the Group 1 Alkali Metals, Group 7 Halogens, Group 0 Noble Gases and Transition Metals

  3. Section 3. Quizzes and worksheets based on the Periodic Table

  4. Group 1 The Alkali Metals Notes - Tabulated element data for lithium, sodium and potassium etc., physical and chemical properties of the metals, group trends, reactions with water, oxygen and chlorine, theory of group reactivity trend, compound formulae, uses of metals and compounds

  5. Section 4. Quizzes and worksheets on the Alkali Metals

  6. Group 7 The Halogens Notes - data, physical properties and chemistry of elements chlorine, bromine, iodine and their compounds, electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride/brine and the uses of the products - chlorine, hydrogen and sodium hydroxide. Alphabetical keyword-phrase list at top of page.

  7. Section 8. Quizzes and worksheets on The Halogens and their compounds.

  8. The Transition Metals, their Properties and Uses and mention of other metals - chemical and physical properties of them, uses of iron, copper, chromium and metal alloys etc., and a section on the uses and applications of other non-transition metals like aluminium.

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CBSE CHEMISTRY Class XI (class 11)

CBSE chemistry Class XI Unit I (unit 1) Some basic concepts of chemistry

  1. Chemical Calculations index - 1. to 16. sections of explanation-examples and multiple choice and type in answer quizzes links are built into the notes, designed up to higher GCSE and basic GCE-AS/IB calculations

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit II (unit 2) Structure of atom

  1. GCSE-AS Atomic Structure Notes including mass spectrometry of elements - the structure of atoms, isotopes, nuclear structure notation, 'simple' electronic structure and the Periodic Table and mass spectrometry for isotope analysis and calculation of relative atomic mass (Ar)

  2. Periodic Table Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Notes Part 2 "Electronic Structure and Ionisation Energies" - Electron arrangements - electron configurations and the Periodic Table - s, p, d and f blocks - ionization energy patterns, section on hydrogen spectrum and emission spectroscopy

 

CBSE chemistry Class XI Unit III (unit 3) Classification of elements and periodicity in properties

  1. Periodic Table Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Notes Part 1 "Historical Introduction" and the full modern periodic table

  2. Periodic Table Notes Part 11: Compiled tables of data on Groups 1-7,0 and 3d-block-Transition Metals links to periodicity graphs

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit IV (unit 4) Chemical bonding and molecular structure

  1. Introduction to Chemical Bonding the following sections cover the basic ideas, but some of the advanced concepts

  2. Revision notes on the basics of Ionic BONDING

  3. Revision notes on the basics of Covalent BONDING and small molecules and their properties

  4. Revision notes on the basics of Covalent BONDING and giant structures and their properties and uses

  5. Revision notes on the basics of Metallic BONDING, properties and uses of metals

  6. Revision notes on shapes and bond angles of simple molecules (VSEPR), ions, transition metal complexes and a section on shape and bond angles in organic molecules

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit V (unit 5) States of matter: Gases and liquids

  1. States of Matter: gas-liquid-solid revision notes

  2.  States of Matter Part II More advanced topics on the Ideal Gas Laws, p-V-T and PV=nRT calculations, kinetic particle model-theory and ideal and non-ideal real gas behaviour (compressibility factors and Van der Waals equation)

  3. section 9. moles and molar gas volume and Avogadro's Law

  4. (c) doc b section 10. Reacting gas volume ratios, Avogadro's Law and Gay-Lussac's Law

    Equilibria Part 8 Phase equilibria-vapour pressure, includes discussion of organic molecule examples - bond polarity, boiling point and intermolecular forces

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit VI (unit 6) Thermodynamics

  1. Basic notes of exothermic and endothermic reactions and calculation of enthalpy changes from 'simple' calorimetry experiments and resulting data

  2. GCSE Multiple choice revision quiz on Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions

  3. Thermodynamics Part 1: Thermochemistry - Calorimetry experiments - Enthalpies of reaction,formation,

  4. click me! Enthalpy and Bond Energy Calculation Questions  (answers)

  5.  combustion and bond dissociation are explained with exemplar calculations

  6. A Level Thermodynamics Part 2 ΔH Enthalpies of ion hydration, solution, atomisation, lattice energy, electron affinity and the Born-Haber cycle

  7. Thermodynamics Part 3 ΔS Entropy and ΔG Free Energy Changes

  8. Thermodynamics Part 3 ΔS Entropy and ΔG Free Energy Changes

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit VII (unit 7) Equilibrium

  1.  Starter GCSE Notes on reversible reactions, equilibrium, ammonia synthesis

  2. Advanced Chemistry Equilibria Part 1. Dynamic molecular equilibrium and Le Chatelier's principle

  3. Equilibria Part 2 Kc and Kp equilibrium expressions and calculations

  4. Equilibria Part 3 equilibrium and industrial processes (can ignore the Kp/Kc equilibrium expressions and concentrate on the application of Le Chatelier's Principle to industrial processes if don't need know about them)

  5. Equilibria Part 4 includes solubility product and ion-exchange

  6. Equilibria Part 5 pH, weak-strong acid-base theory and Ka, kb and Kw equilibrium calculations

  7. Equilibria Part 6 Salt hydrolysis, Acid-base titrations-indicators, pH curves and buffers

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit VIII (unit 8) Redox reactions

  1. Revision notes on Inorganic redox reactions - Part 1 includes introduction to electronegativity, explaining oxidation and reduction reactions and oxidation state/oxidation number changes

  2. Revision notes on Inorganic redox reactions - Part 2 analysing and constructing full redox equations from half-cell reactions

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit IX (unit 9) Hydrogen

  1. Periodic Table Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Notes Part 3 "Survey of Period 1: hydrogen H to helium He"

  2. Atomic Structure Notes: hydrogen isotopes mentioned

  3. Extra notes on Electrochemistry - mentions hydrogen fuel cell

 

CBSE chemistry Class XI Unit X (unit 10) s-block elements

  1. Part 7 s-block Group 1 Alkali Metals and Group 2 Alkaline Earth Metals

  2. Groups 1-2 data-group trend graphs

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit XI (unit 11) Some p-block elements

  1. Group 7/17 The Halogens - GCSE Notes - data, physical properties and chemistry of elements chlorine, bromine, iodine and their compounds, electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride/brine and the uses of the products - chlorine, hydrogen and sodium hydroxide. Alphabetical keyword-phrase list at top of page - but only covers basic stuff

  2. Revision notes on the basics of Covalent BONDING and giant structures and their properties and uses includes allotropes of carbon

 

topCBSE chemistry Unit XII (unit 12) Organic chemistry: some basic principles  and techniques

  1. A summary of homologous series, functional group names and structure in Organic Chemistry (look for 'general formulae' and links to organic molecular structure and nomenclature/naming pages)

  2. General test on type of Organic Molecule Recognition based on examples of structure and recognition of functional groups, including isomers, so the quiz is mainly on recognition of types of molecules and their structural features and classification

  3. Qualitative Analysis: Tests for organic functional groups notes (use alphabetical index for homologous series, reagents etc.) (alphabetical keyword index at top of page)

  4.  MECHANISM Introduction and terms used in organic chemistry (on the mechanism pages the type of reaction, basic reaction equations and conditions are quoted which may act as a suitable reference, there is also a reaction index on each page) includes notes on bond fission and types of attacking reagents e.g. electrophiles and nucleophiles and types of reaction e.g. substitution, addition etc. AND LINKS to different mechanisms for various homologous series.

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit XIII (unit 13) Hydrocarbons

  1. A summary of homologous series, functional group names and structure in Organic Chemistry (look for 'general formulae' and links to organic molecular structure and nomenclature/naming pages)

  2.  Organic Chemistry ISOMERISM general definition and links to types of isomerism notes (use sub-index at top of page)

  3. The structure & naming (nomenclature) of ALKANES (and cycloalkanes) notes, including nomenclature of isomers

  4. Multiple choice Quiz on the structure and naming (nomenclature) of alkanes

  5. Type in name Quiz on the structure & naming of ALKANES (and nomenclature of cycloalkanes)

  6.  Mechanism of the free radical thermal cracking (pyrolysis) of alkanes (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  7. Revision notes on the structure & naming (nomenclature) of ALKENES (and cycloalkanes) notes, including nomenclature of isomers

  8. top Multiple choice Quiz on the Structure and naming (nomenclature) of ALKENES

  9. Type in name Quiz on the nomenclature of ALKENES

  10.  Mechanism of electrophilic addition of hydrogen bromide to alkenes to make bromoalkanes (introduction and example of electrophilic addition to alkenes) (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  11.  Mechanism of electrophilic addition of bromine to alkenes with pure bromine to make dibromoalkanes  (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  12.  Mechanism of electrophilic addition of bromine to alkenes using bromine water to make bromo-alcohols (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  13.  Mechanism of electrophilic addition of sulphuric acid to alkenes (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  14.  Mechanism of electrophilic addition of water to alkenes to make alcohols [acid catalyst] (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  15. Notes on the Structure and Naming of Aromatic Compounds, including nomenclature of isomers

  16. Type in name Quiz on the nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds

  17.  MECHANISMS AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS - introduction to arene electrophilic substitution mechanisms

  18.  Mechanism: Aromatic hydrocarbons - arene introduction to electrophilic substitution and nitration to form nitro-aromatic compounds

  19.  Mechanism: Aromatic hydrocarbons - arene electrophilic substitution chlorination to give halogenoarenes  (similar for bromine, just swap Cl with Br)

  20.  Mechanism: Aromatic hydrocarbons - arene electrophilic substitution alkylation [Friedel-Crafts reaction]

  21.  Mechanism: Aromatic hydrocarbons - arene electrophilic substitution acylation [Friedel-Crafts reaction]

  22.  Mechanism: Aromatic hydrocarbons - arene electrophilic substitution aromatic sulphonation/sulfonation to give sulphonic/sulfonic acids

  23.  Aromatic hydrocarbons - arene electrophilic substitution mechanisms - the orientation of products in aromatic substitution

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Unit XIV (unit 14) Environmental chemistry

  1. GCSE notes on Oil and useful products - The hydrocarbons from oil and their uses e.g. fuels-combustion, cracking to make alkenes, simple addition reactions of alkenes (bromine, hydrogen) and test for alkenes, polymers/uses of plastics, fossil fuels and environmental problems etc. See also Alternative and Fossil Fuel Survey and Global warming discussion page.

  2. Extra GCSE Organic Chemistry Notes - section on ozone depletion

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Practicals Syllabus

  1. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS: Chemical Identity Tests - Gives descriptions of lots of tests for gases, ions - cations and anions, organic functional groups/homologous series etc. (keyword alphabetical index at top of page)

  2. section 7. Introducing moles - the connection of moles, mass and formula mass

  3. section 11. Making up solutions - concentration & molarity

  4. section 12. Volumetric acid-alkali titration easy calculations - apparatus/analysis

  5. Structured Question worksheet including acid-base volumetric titration calculations (answers)

 


topCBSE CHEMISTRY Class XII (Class 12)

CBSE chemistry Class XII Unit I (unit 1) Solid state

  1. Introduction to BONDING the following sections cover the basic ideas, but some of the advanced concepts like unit cells are not covered yet.

  2. Revision notes on the basics of Ionic BONDING and an ionic lattice

  3. Revision notes on the basics of Covalent BONDING and small molecules and their properties

  4. Revision notes on the basics of Covalent BONDING and giant structures and their properties and uses

  5. Revision notes on the basics of Metallic BONDING, properties and uses of metals

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit II (unit 2) Solutions

  1. section 11. Making up solutions - concentration & molarity

 

CBSE chemistry Class XII Unit III (unit 3) Electrochemistry

  1. Revision notes on Inorganic redox reactions - Part 1 includes introduction to electronegativity, explaining oxidation and reduction reactions and oxidation state/oxidation number changes

  2. Notes on Electrochemistry - an introduction to electrolysis, theory, electrolysis cells, industrial electrolysis process links summary, experimental methods for electrolysis, electrode equations, simple cells/batteries, fuel cells etc.

  3. section 13. Electrolysis products calculations

  4. Equilibrium Part 7 Redox equilibria, half-cell electrode potentials, predicting feasibility of a reaction, electrolysis and electrochemical series

 

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit IV (unit 4) Chemical kinetics

  1. Basic Notes for the basics of rates of reactions - kinetics

  2. KINETICS - advanced rates of reactions revision notes: temperature effect and activation energy, homogeneous catalysts and heterogeneous catalysts, obtaining data, rate expressions and orders of reaction, deducing orders of reaction

  3. KINETICS - advanced rates of reactions revision notes: Selected case studies of kinetics and rate expressions and calculations, deriving the activation energy Ea from kinetics-rates data and Kinetic versus thermodynamic stability

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit V (unit 5) Surface chemistry

  1. KINETICS - advanced rates of reactions revision notes: temperature effect and activation energy, homogeneous catalysts and heterogeneous catalysts, obtaining data, rate expressions and orders of reaction, deducing orders of reaction

  2.  protein-enzyme structure, function and inhibition

 

Unit VI (unit 6) General processes and principles of isolating elements

  1. The Mining of Minerals and the Extraction of Metals - the extraction of aluminium, chromium, copper (and electrolysis  purification), iron, sodium, titanium and zinc, method details and equations, and method related to reactivity of metal and environmental and economic issues. (use the keyword alphabetical index near top of the page)

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit VII (unit 7) p-block elements

  1. Periodic Table Notes Part 11: Compiled tables of data on Groups 1-7,0 and 3d-block-Transition Metals (Groups 1-18) links to periodicity graphs

  2. Periodic Table Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Notes Part 2 "Electronic Structure and Ionisation Energies" - Electron arrangements - electron configurations and the Periodic Table - includes p block

  3. Methods of preparing and collecting gases - Reactants and use of gas syringes, test tubes etc. to collect the gas and reference to some hazards etc includes ammonia and chlorine

  4. Ammonia synthesis, nitric acid manufacture, production of hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen, reversible reactions and chemical equilibrium notes - including reversible reactions, equilibrium theory, nitric acid manufacture, fertiliser ammonium salt preparation, problems with over-use or fertilisers. only basic ideas and facts

  5. Group 7/17 The Halogens - GCSE Notes - data, physical properties and chemistry of elements chlorine, bromine, iodine and their compounds, electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride/brine and the uses of the products - chlorine, hydrogen and sodium hydroxide. Alphabetical keyword-phrase list at top of page - only basic ideas and facts

  6. Group 0/18 Noble Gases Notes - data, properties, chemical inertness and uses. only basic ideas and facts

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit VIII (unit 8) d-block and f-block elements

  1. Periodic Table Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Notes Part 2 "Electronic Structure and Ionisation Energies" - Electron arrangements - electron configurations and the Periodic Table - s, p, d and f blocks

  2. The Transition Metals and Uses of other metals - chemical and physical properties of them, uses of iron, copper, chromium etc., and a section on the uses and applications of other non-transition metals like aluminium. only basic ideas and facts - advanced notes links below

  3. Periodic Table Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Notes Part 10a "3d block Transition Metals Series Introduction and Elements Sc to Mn on Period 4 - detailed revision notes

  4. Part 10b 3d-block Transition Metals Fe to Zn - detailed revision notes + brief notes on other transition elements

  5. Part 10c Appendices on Transition Metals: Acidity of hexa-aqua ions * Complexes & ligands - the basics * The shapes of complexes and isomerism *  Electron configuration and colour theory * Redox equations, feasibility, calculating Ereaction * Catalysis - homogeneous and heterogeneous examples and theory * Balancing redox equations * Stability Constants of complex ions * Colorimetry - quantitative analysis and determining the formula of a complex ion * Preparation of complexes Sub-index at top of page.

  6. Part 10d Extra 3d block Transition Metals data table, examples of oxidation states in compounds and complexes - complex ions, electrode potential chart, and Hydroxide precipitate pictures

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit IX (unit 9)  Co-ordination compounds

  1. Part 10c Appendices on Transition Metals: Acidity of hexa-aqua ions * Complexes & ligands - the basics * The shapes of complexes and isomerism *  Electron configuration and colour theory * Redox equations, feasibility, calculating Ereaction * Catalysis - homogeneous and heterogeneous examples and theory * Balancing redox equations * Stability Constants of complex ions * Colorimetry - quantitative analysis and determining the formula of a complex ion * Preparation of complexes Sub-index at top of page. (see also links in unit 8 above)

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit X (unit 10) Haloalkanes  and haloarenes

  1. Revision notes on the structure and naming of HALOGENOALKANES/HALOALKANES and classification into primary (prim)/secondary (sec)/tertiary (tert) (including nomenclature of many isomers

  2. Multiple choice Quiz on the structure and naming (nomenclature) of HALOGENOALKANES (haloalkanes)

  3. Type in name Quiz on the nomenclature of HALOGENOALKANES (haloalkanes)

  4. Extra GCSE Organic Chemistry Notes - section 7. on CFC's, Ozone layer and free radicals

  5.  Mechanism of the free radical chlorination/bromination of alkanes to make halogenoalkanes

  6.  Mechanism: Halogenoalkanes (haloalkanes/alkyl halides) Nucleophilic substitution by water/hydroxide ion [SN1 or SN2, hydrolysis to alcohol] (introduction to, and example of, nucleophilic substitution in halogenoalkanes) (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation) AND  extra notes on kinetics, rds, molecularity, activated complex etc.

  7.  Mechanism: Halogenoalkanes (haloalkanes, alkyl halides) Nucleophilic substitution by cyanide ion to make a nitrile (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  8.  Mechanism: Halogenoalkanes (haloalkanes, alkyl halides) Nucleophilic substitution by ammonia or primary amine to make amines (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit XI (unit 11) Alcohols, phenols and ethers

  1. Revision notes on the structure and naming (nomenclature) of aliphatic ALCOHOLS Part 1 Classification into primary (prim), secondary (sec) and tertiary (tert) - notes include isomers and other related compounds which may not be needed

  2.  Mechanism: Alcohols - elimination of water to make an alkene [acid catalysed dehydration] (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  3. Qualitative Analysis: Tests for organic functional groups notes (use alphabetical index for homologous series, reagents etc.) (alphabetical keyword index at top of page - includes alcohols)

  4. Notes on Structure and Naming of Aromatic Compounds, including nomenclature of isomers includes phenols

  5. Revision notes on the structure and naming (nomenclature) of aliphatic ALCOHOLS and ETHERS

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit XII (unit 12) Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids

  1. Revision notes on the Structure and Naming of Carbonyl Compounds Aldehydes and Ketones

  2. Multiple choice on the structure and naming (nomenclature) of Aldehydes and Ketones

  3. Type in name Quiz on the nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones

  4. Revision notes on the structure and naming of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS and DERIVATIVES, including nomenclature of isomers

  5. Multiple choice Quiz on the Structure and naming of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS & DERIVATIVES

  6. Type in name Quiz on the nomenclature of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS & DERIVATIVES

  7. Matching pair Quiz on aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid and ester structure (drag and drop/printout version)

  8. Combined matching pair Exercises on organic molecular structure

  9.  Mechanism: Carbonyl compounds - aldehydes/ketones nucleophilic addition of hydrogen cyanide to give a hydroxynitrile (includes reagents, reaction conditions and exemplar balanced equations showing product formation)

  10.  Mechanism: Carbonyl compounds - aldehydes/ketones addition of hydrogen - reduction with LiAlH4 or NaBH4 to give an alcohol needed ?

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit XIII (unit 13) Organic compounds containing nitrogen

  1. Revision notes on the Structure, Classification and Naming of Organic Nitrogen Compounds, including nomenclature of isomers includes amines

  2. Multiple choice quiz on the Classification, Structure and Naming (nomenclature) of Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen includes amines

  3. Type in name Quiz on the nomenclature of Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen includes amines

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit XIV (unit 14) Biomolecules

  1. Extra BASIC Organic Chemistry Notes short section on natural molecules - carbohydrates, sugars, amino acids, proteins and cooking, natural fats & oils Use sub-index and keyword list at top of page

  2.  (2c) Other organic stereochemistry including amino acids-proteins-polypeptides-enzymes (including enzyme inhibition)

  3.  chiral auxiliaries and  combinational chemistry

  4.  protein-enzyme structure, function and inhibition

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit XV (unit 15) Polymers

  1. GCSE notes on Oil and useful products - includes some basic ideas on polymers/uses of plastics

  2. Extra BASIC Organic Chemistry Notes - a bit on polymers

  3.  (2c) Other organic stereochemistry including isotactic/atactic/syndiotactic poly(propene)

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XII Unit XVI (unit 16) Chemistry in everyday life

  1. Extra GCSE Organic Chemistry Notes - a bit on  Drugs-analgesics, soaps-detergents Food Additives

 

topCBSE chemistry Class XI Practicals Syllabus

  1. GCSE Notes for the basics of rates of reactions - kinetics

  2. KINETICS - advanced rates of reactions revision notes: temperature effect and activation energy, homogeneous catalysts and heterogeneous catalysts, obtaining data, rate expressions and orders of reaction, deducing orders of reaction

  3. KINETICS - advanced rates of reactions revision notes: Selected case studies of kinetics and rate expressions and calculations, deriving the activation energy Ea from kinetics-rates data and Kinetic versus thermodynamic stability

  4. Basic notes of exothermic and endothermic reactions and calculation of enthalpy changes from 'simple' calorimetry experiments and resulting data

  5. Thermodynamics Part 1: Thermochemistry - Calorimetry experiments - Enthalpies of reaction,formation, combustion and bond dissociation are explained with exemplar calculations

  6. click me! Enthalpy and Bond Energy Calculation Questions  (answers)

  7. Methods of separating mixtures (keyword-phrases index at top of page - includes basics of chromatography)

  8. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS: Chemical Identity Tests - Gives descriptions of lots of tests for gases, ions - cations and anions, organic functional groups/homologous series etc. (keyword alphabetical index at top of page)

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