OIL PRODUCTS and ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
INDEX of pages on Oil, its many useful products, environmental problems and an introduction to organic chemistry - Doc Brown's revision notes for GCSE, IGCSE, O Level, KS4 science-chemistry courses
KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE/O level Chemistry
Index of Oil & Organic Chemistry Pages
The organic chemistry of carbon compounds is so important that it forms a separate branch of chemistry. A huge variety of carbon compounds is possible because carbon atoms can form stable chains and rings linked by C-C bonds and bonding with atoms such as nitrogen and oxygen. Organic chemistry gets its name from the fact that the main sources of organic compounds are living, or once-living materials from plants and animals. Fossil fuels which are a major source of feedstock for the petrochemical industry in which chemists are able to take organic molecules and modify them in many ways to make new and useful materials such as polymers, pharmaceuticals, perfumes and flavourings, dyes, detergents and many other products we take for granted.
These revision notes should prove useful for the new AQA GCSE chemistry, Edexcel GCSE chemistry & OCR GCSE chemistry (Gateway & 21st Century) GCSE (9–1), (9-5) & (5-1) science courses.
Some sections of material science that may overlap with organic chemistry
Part 5. Graphene and Fluorographene
Part 4 LYCRA-SPANDEX
Part 8 CARBON FIBRES
A warning! Most of the chemistry described on these pages, as well as most developed national economies, is based on crude oil at the moment, and, will no doubt to continue to do so for some time - but NOT FOREVER. Unfortunately oil won't last forever and much of our 'oil based economy' is not sustainable in the future and the potential dangers to the planet from 'climate change' i.e. the global warming from the 'Greenhouse Effect' aided by fossil fuel burning also make uncomfortable thinking. As the world population increases, oil based agriculture is not going to be able to feed everyone. Food production uses huge amounts of energy in the production of artificial-synthetic fertilisers, transportation and machinery on farms. Therefore, one would hope that more 'green sustainable' economic systems will be developed including alternative energy supplies not based on fossil fuels and major changes in agricultural practices to be much less reliant on 'oil' and 'greener' methodology in the chemical industry itself. It is fair to point out that crude oil is an extremely valuable chemical raw material and produces really useful products from smart material plastics to lifesaving drugs and components in many consumer products that are genuinely useful to improving the quality of our lives. therefore burning it is its crudest possible use. In the long-run it should be conserved and used much more sparingly for specific and necessary purposes.
Multiple Choice Quizzes and Worksheets
ALSO gap-fill ('word-fill') exercises originally written for ...
... OCR 21st C GCSE Science Worksheet gap-fill C1.1c Air pollutants etc ...
... Edexcel 360 GCSE Science Crude Oil and its Fractional distillation etc ...
... each set are interlinked, so clicking on one of the above leads to a sequence of several quizzes
Notes information to help revise KS4 Science Additional Science Triple Award Separate Sciences Chemistry revision notes for GCSE/IGCSE/O level Chemistry Revision-Information Study Notes for revising AQA GCSE Science AQA GCSE Chemistry, Edexcel GCSE Science, Edexcel GCSE Chemistry, OCR 21st Century Science Chemistry, OCR Gateway Science chemistry, WJEC/CBAC GCSE science-chemistry CCEA/CEA GCSE science-chemistry (and courses equal to US grades 8, 9, 10)
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