29a. Scarborough (2) The Castle
The Norman-medieval Scarborough Castle occupies a high promontory headland between the North bay and the South Bay of Scarborough. Scarborough Castle is built on an early Iron Age settlement from ~500 BC and later a bronze age settlement and a Roman Signal station was built on the headland too.
An evening view of the headland castle silhouette from North Bay
Looking up to the castle walls from the park and walks above the 'Old Town'.
The Keep and Master Gunners House view from the north.
Looking up to the impressive, but much ruined Keep.
One of the medieval round towers in the south side defensive walls of Scarborough Castle.
A red brick tower (Tudor ?) in the walls of Scarborough Castle.
Looking across North bay from just below Scarborough Castle walls.
The bridge across to the entrance of Scarborough castle.
The entrance to Scarborough castle is through the 13th century Barbican, but the bridge you cross previously is a modern construction, the original drawbridge has long since gone.
Looking up to the Keep from the ticket office of Scarborough castle.
The mighty Keep of Scarborough castle. The Keep was built between 1158 and 1164 by order of King Henry II. The keep had a basement and three floors above it, the main walls reached a height of 100 ft. The West wall was demolished by order of the Parliamentarians in 1649 so it could no longer be used by Royalists.
The east wall of the Keep is quite well preserved and the characteristic early Norman architecture can be clearly seen in the round arched Romanesque style windows.
The south and east walls of the Keep of Scarborough Castle.
Looking out across North Bay from the walls of Scarborough Castle.
The residual interior architecture of Scarborough Castle's Keep.
An impressive view of the South Bay beach, the Grand Hotel and in fact, much of the town of Scarborough.
The keep on the headland
The walls of Scarborough castle and the view across the entrance and North bay.
The walls of Scarborough castle above the harbour.
The ruins of St Mary's Chapel, built about AD1000 and rebuilt in the 12th century and again in the 14th century. The chapel stands on the site of a Roman signal station built about AD 370 to give warning of Anglo-Saxon raiders. Before the Roman occupation of Scarborough headland, it was occupied in ~500 BC by Iron Age settlers from the Low Countries or the Rhineland.
The Master Gunners House houses the small museum and cafe.
Some of the artefacts in the Master Gunners House museum.
Bronze age socketed axe, sword and pots.
Iron age decorated dish from the 4th century AD.
Scarborough Castle stands on a massive rocky headland that juts out into the North Sea, separating the North and South Bays.
There were bronze age and iron age settlements on the headland on which Scarborough castle stands.
Roman Scarborough, mainly consisted of a signal station on the far end of the headland.
There was a Viking settlement in Scarborough, of some importance by the start of the 11th century.
Scarborough castle was an important defensive and administrative centre in medieval times and most of the ruins date from the Norman and later medieval periods.
Scarborough Castle was besieged by the parliamentarians in the English Civil War of the 1640s, but the royalists surrendered in 1645.
After the Civil War it was garrisoned by Parliament from 1645 and remained a military base into the 20th century, acting as an important defensive gun battery protecting Scarborough Harbour.
Scarborough Castle and the Headland were an important observation post in the 1st and 2nd World Wars.
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