MALTA 11 Mnajdra Temple Complex

MALTA INDEX

?

Mnajdra (Maltese: L-Imnajdra) is a megalithic temple complex found on the southern coast of the Mediterranean island of Malta. Mnajdra is approximately 500 metres from the Ħaġar Qim megalithic complex. Mnajdra was built around the fourth millennium BCE; the Megalithic Temples of Malta are among the most ancient religious sites on Earth, described by the World Heritage Sites committee as "unique architectural masterpieces." In 1992 UNESCO recognized the Mnajdra complex and four other Maltese megalithic structures as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In 2009 work was completed on a protective tent. Mnajdra is made of coralline limestone, which is much harder than the soft globigerina limestone of Ħaġar Qim. The main structural systems used in the temples are corbelling with smaller stones, and post and lintel construction using large slabs of limestone. The cloverleaf plan of Mnajdra appears more regular than that of Ħagar Qim, and seems reminiscent of the earlier complex at Ggantija. The prehistoric structure consists of three conjoined but not connected temples: the upper, middle and lower. The upper temple is the oldest structure in the Mnajdra complex and dates to the Ggantija phase (3600-3200 BC). It is a three-apsed building, the central apse opening blocked by a low screen wall. The pillar-stones were decorated with pitmarks drilled in horizontal rows on the inner surface. The middle temple was built (or possibly rebuilt) in the late Tarxien phase (3150 2500 BC), the main central doorway of which is formed by a hole cut into a large piece of limestone set upright, a type of construction typical of other megalithic doorways in Malta. This temple appears originally to have had a vaulted ceiling, but only the base of the ceiling now remain on top of the walls and, in fact, is the most recent structure. It is formed of slabs topped by horizontal courses. The lowest temple, built in the early Tarxien phase, is the most impressive and possibly the best example of Maltese megalithic architecture. It has a large forecourt containing stone benches, an entrance passage covered by horizontal slabs, one of which has survived, and the remains of a possibly domed roof. The temple is decorated with spiral carvings and indentations, and pierced by windows, some into smaller rooms and one onto an arrangement of stones.

An lf fort below the temple complex

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

???

 

 

?

 

 

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

?

Malta docspics images photos Phil Brown Tourist information, Walks, Holidays in Malta, Top tourist attractions in Malta, luxury hotels, self-catering holiday cottages, B&B, friendly bars, eating out in fine restaurants in Malta, walking holidays in Malta, touring coach tours of Malta, ancient historic towns and villages in Malta, museums in Malta, local art galleries in Malta, guided walks of Malta, good locally sourced food restaurants in Malta docspics images photos of  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta Phil Brown Tourist information on  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, Walks near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, Having holidays near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, Top tourist attractions near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, luxury hotels near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, self-catering holiday cottages near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, airbnb air B and B near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, quality B&B near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, friendly pubs near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, cafes near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, eating out in fine restaurants near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, weekend breaks near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, wining & dining weekends near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, walking holidays around  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, touring coach tours including  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, pretty villages near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, historic towns and pretty village near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, museums near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, local art galleries near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, guided walks from  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, excellent fell hill walking around  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, rambling near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, exploring the landscape near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, good places to eat near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, tourist attractions near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, tourist information for places near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, good places for wining and dining near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, good walks near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, properties for sale near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, renting a flat or house near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, property for rent near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, houses for sale near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, lettings near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, places to rent near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta, holiday cottage accommodation near  Mnajdra Temple Complex, Malta docspics images photos of Malta northern England Phil Brown Tourist information on Malta, Things to do in Malta, What to see in Malta, guided walks in Malta, weekend breaks in Malta holidays in Malta, Top tourist attractions in Malta, luxury hotels in Malta, self-catering holiday cottages in Malta, airbnb air B and B in Malta, B&B in Malta, friendly bars in Malta, cafes in Malta, eating out in fine restaurants in Malta, bargain holiday breaks in Malta, wining & dining weekends in Malta, touring coach tours visiting Malta, pretty areas in Malta, historic buildings in Malta, visiting museums in Malta, local art galleries in Malta, guided walks in Malta, history of Malta, architecture of Malta, trains to Malta, historic houses in Malta, historic churches in Malta, information centre in Malta, heritage places in Malta, good places to eat in Malta, top tourist attractions in Malta, tourist information for things to do and see in Malta, good places to eat out in Malta, good places to walk to in Malta, tourist attractions properties for sale in Malta, renting a flat of house in Malta, property for rent in Malta, houses for sale in Malta, lettings in Malta, places to rent in Malta, holiday cottage accommodation in Malta

TOP OF PAGE   *   MALTA INDEX