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4. The Town of Kings Lynn, West Norfolk

Pictures and Notes on Eastern England and East Anglia

September 2011: King's Lynn, on the east bank of the Great Ouse flowing out into the Wash, was once one of England's most important ports from the 12th century onwards. There are many sights, from buildings like old merchant's houses, cobbled lanes and narrow streets, harbour and River Great Ouse to remind you of its maritime past. There are lots of wonderful buildings to inspect in Kings Lynn and its rich heritage. The port may not be what it was, but it is a major market town and shopping centre for the surrounding countryside, and from both sides of the Great Ouse and amongst the shops there are many cafes, restaurants and pubs-bars-inns of character - both in terms of architecture and 'inhabitants'! King's Lynn was an important Hanseatic League town (e.g. like York) enabling the town to prosper by trading with other important port towns of northern Europe and even today it is a member of 'The Hanse', a contemporary association based on the old Hanseatic League of Traders.

The index of sections is based on the excellent guide 'Discover Kings Lynn'  - a pedestrian welcome guide to Kings Lynn. It was easy to follow and with plenty of information to take in on the walk. Not all the places photographed were open on the day of my visit, but the most of the tourist attractions were available to view and I hope my photographs do King's Lynn and its friendly people, full justice. My Kings Lynn Index is given below or just scroll down to see what Kings Lynn has to offer the tourist - a great deal indeed amongst its many interesting locations e.g. the historic streets and the riverfront quays on the Great Ouse.

King's Lynn Festival held every July provides a great programme of music, lectures, exhibitions and displays of the visual arts

The sections vary in length and each is illustrated with numerous images, and a few extra features have been added which were not necessarily mentioned in the tourist leaflet.


1. St Margaret's Church

The 12th century St Margaret's Church dominates the scene of the Saturday Market Place which is a most interesting architectural area in the centre of King's Lynn, with many fine buildings. St Margarets' is one of largest town parish churches in the county of Norfolk, was founded in 1101.

 

The view of the twin west towers from St Margaret's Place. The church was partially rebuilt in 1741 after the spire collapsed onto the nave in a great storm and also been subject to flood damage from the Great Ouse.

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

 

The misericords of St Margaret's Church

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 

St Margaret's Church, Kings Lynn:

 


2. The Old Gaol House

The old Town Gaol House, on Saturday Market Place, built in 1784, still has its original cells and houses the Civic Regalia and home to the King's Lynn Archive.


3. The Town Hall

Part of the Town Hall building complex in King's Lynn.

 

The Jacobean Porch entrance to the Trinity Guildhall which dates back to the 1420s and is the centrepiece of the Town hall complex.

 

There are some impressive windows surrounded by the distinctive flint chequer board patterned flint.

 

 

The Town Hall complex including the Trinity Guildhall, Jacobean Porch, Victorian Council Chamber and the old Gaol House on the right.

 

Looking up the street of the Saturday Market Place, King's Lynn, from near the Gaol House and St Margaret's Church.


4. Thoresby College

Thoresby College, King's Lynn, is a fine brick built Tudor building - view from College Lane

 

Inside the courtyard of Thorseby College, King's Lynn.

 

The 'Great Hall' in Thorseby College with the great oak beams supporting the roof.

 

The brick facade of Thoresby College which looks out onto the South Quay and the Great Ouse


5. Greenland Fishery

Just off the junction of Boal Street and Stonegate Street is the Greenland Fishery, in King's Lynn, which is an early 17th century merchant's house, built by a local rope merchant - rope was an important component for the working of sailing ships.

 

Later, in the18th century, it was an inn known as the Greenland Fishery, well frequented by King's Lynn's whaling community - another aspect of King's Lynn maritime history and heritage.

 


6. Hampton Court

The orange-brown coloured facade of Hampton Court, in King's Lynn, built in the 14th century as a domestic house and warehouse by a wealthy medieval merchant.

 

The courtyard of Hampton Court showing the wings added in the 15th and 17th centuries.


7. Hanse House

Just across from Hampton Court is Hanse House, in King's Lynn, a brick built Hanseatic Warehouse dating from 1475. The house is built around a narrow court and the large warehouses were owned by Hanseatic League merchants until 1751.

 

Interesting looking house on the corner of Priory Lane and Nelson Street.

 

Just across from Hampton Court and Hanse House - looking down Priory Lane, in King's Lynn, the buildings on the left seem to have a medieval origin e.g. the restored doorway arch centre-right.


8. The Green Quay, Marriott's Warehouse and Riverfront

The South Quay on the Great Ouse, in King's Lynn. On the right is the fine looking 16th century brick building on what is known as the 'Green Quay' where Marriott's House houses the Green Quay Exhibition Centre.

 

The South Quay by the Green Quay.

 

There is also a nice licensed cafe inside the Marriott's House, Green Quay, in King's Lynn, and in fine weather you cans it outside with a fine river view of the Great Ouse. The Green Quay allows you to discover the secrets of the Wash and the Fens, the role of Lynn's Hanseatic links,  including colourful and informative exhibitions, bird watching gallery and an indoor pond. There is also a gift shop and conference centre, and all on the scenic banks of the River Great Ouse


9. Clifton House and Tower

An interesting, relatively modern brick building, with Tudor styling? in Queen Street?

 

Another fine Georgian house on Queen Street, in King's Lynn.

 

The brick built Clifton House, in King's Lynn, comprises two medieval houses (on the left) combined in a Tudor 'rebuilding' and further remodelled in the 18th century and on the right is an adjoined Elizabethan watch tower of five storeys.

 

The striking Elizabethan watch tower by Clifton House


10. The Custom House and Vancouver Quarter

The houses on King's Staithes Square, in King's Lynn, with the Custom House on the left.

 

The Custom House, a fine looking building designed by Henry Bell and built in 1683. In 1685 it opened as merchant's exchange and used as the town's custom house from the early 1700s.

 

The Custom House overlooks the site of the original medieval harbour in the heart of historic King's Lynn. The elegant rooms house interesting displays on Lynn's merchants, customs men, smugglers and the story of Lynn's trading history, particularly the history of its trade as a member of the Hanseatic League, not forgetting famous mariners such as Lord Nelson and the sailor, explorer-discoverer Vancouver.

 

On the Purfleet Quay, in King's Lynn, is the modern statue of the explorer Captain George Vancouver.

 

 

Purfleet Quay, commemorative statue explorer Captain George Vancouver in the foreground and the Custom House in the background.

 

At the north end of South Quay they are servicing and cleaning the buoys used in the estuary of the Great Ouse.


11. King Street, St George's Hall & Kings Lynn Art Centre

Restored timber-framed medieval House in King Street, King's Lynn.

 

A fine looking Georgian building on King's Street, King's Lynn.

 

Some of the fine buildings on King's Street, on the right is the entrance to the St George's Hall.

 

 

St George's Hall, King's Lynn, is the largest surviving 15th century guildhall in England and is home to the King's Lynn Art Centre.

 

The complex of buildings behind St George's Guildhall including an art gallery. The Arts Centre Galleries are run by the King's Lynn Art Centre Trust and offer exhibitions, events, workshops and projects.


12. The Corn Exchange and Tuesday Market Place

The Corn Exchange, in King's Lynn, with its dramatic classical facade, is a very fine building in the Tuesday Market Square.

 

The Corn Exchange, built in 1854, was in 1996 converted to a concert hall, complete with box office and coffee house - all institutions must have a cafe these days!

 

The very attractive building of the Duke's Head Hotel, in King's Lynn, on High Street in Tuesday Market Square.

 

The Globe Hotel in Tuesday Market Square, in King's Lynn.

 

Ye Olde Moydens Head, in King's Lynn.

 


13. True's Yard Fisherfolk Museum

The True's Yard Fisherfolk Museum, King's Lynn, features two beautifully restored Victorian fishermen's cottages. It lies on the corner of St Anne's Street and North Street. True's Yard is last remaining fisherfolk yard containing two cottages built in the 1800s. The realities of the tough life of fishermen and their families is more than amply explored. The museum also has a gift shop and cafe.


14. St Nicholas' Chapel

 

Tudor Rose Hotel in St Nicholas Street with the spire of St Nicholas Chapel in distance. From the reception of the Tudor Rose Hotel or the Trues Yard Museum, you can get a key to St Nicholas' Chapel.

 

The Tudor Rose Hotel, in King's Lynn, no doubt the name reflects the building's historic origins.

 

The Chapel of St Nicholas', King's Lynn, is England's largest surviving Parochial Chapel.

 

The geometrically ornate spire of St Nicholas' Chapel, Kings Lynn.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn:

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: An old medieval tomb with elaborately carved gravestone sides.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The finely decorated south porch.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The south porch door

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn:

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The stone star vault in the south porch entrance, with Lierne ribs with bosses surrounding a central figure of Christ in Glory.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: A 15th century carved wooden bench end. On the right is the north aisle of the nave.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: Looking west down the nave to the font. The south aisle on the left and the north aisle arcades on the right, at the end the large west window.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The font and the south aisle of the nave.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn:

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The large stone Holy water stoup with quatrefoils and figure with a scroll. The water stoup is from an earlier chapel.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The great east window above the high altar.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The east window and the south east window of the chancel.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The memorial urn in marble to Sir Benjamin Keene from 1757 by Robert Adam. Keene was a Knight of the Bath Ambassador Extraordinary and 'Plenipotentiary to Ye Court of Spain, an able and faithful servant to his King and Country, honoured and beloved at the Court where he resided, valued and lamented by His Royal Master George the Second'.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The finely decorated memorial urn to Sir Benjamin Keene

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The 15th century brass lectern

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn:

Left: The wall memorial of Thomas Smelling from 1623, showing his three sons and a daughter, the youngest son is in the cradle

Right: The ? memorial

 

Detail from the Thomas Smelling memorial

 

Detail from the Thomas Smelling memorial

 

Detail from the ? memorial

 

Detail from the ? memorial

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: The 15th century wooden roof  has a aeries of beautifully carved angels.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: Another of the 'musical angels' from the 15th century roof.

 

St Nicholas Chapel, King's Lynn: Musical angel blowing a ? instrument?

 

Inn in Chapel Street, King's Lynn


15. The Lynn Museum

View from Paradise Parade of the Lynn Museum, King's Lynn, on Old Market Street, free admission from October to March. The museum building was once the impressively restored Victorian Union Baptist Chapel. The museum illustrates and describes the history of West Norfolk.

 

The Lynn Museum is the 'final' resting place of Seahenge - a unique 4000 year old bronze age timber circle found beneath a muddy beach. Learn about the story of West Norfolk which features Iceni gold coins, colourful Victorian fairground gallopers, detailed displays of Lynn's rich maritime history and family activities.


16. The Walks

On the east side of the town of King's Lynn are 'The Walks', the only surviving example of an 18th century town walk in Norfolk. Within its grounds is the unique 15th century Red Mount Chapel (see below) and there is a children's playground.

 

Ruins form an abbey or priory in 'The Walks'

 

Wood carving statue of a monk in 'The Walks'

 

The Gaywood River and Rivulet with the Red Mount Chapel on the left.

 

This fine example of a complete Georgian Walk is beautifully landscaped and includes two children's play areas and a cafe.

 

 


17. Red Mount Chapel

The brick built 15th century Red Chapel, King's Lynn, has been fully restored in the parkland of 'The Walks'. The Red Chapel was a wayside chapel for pilgrims on their way to the shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham.

 

The Red Chapel is a scheduled ancient monument and grade 1 listed church. The upper chapel of 1506 is apparently features a fan vaulted ceiling decorated with quatrefoils.


18. St John the Evangelist Church

The Church of St John the Evangelist, King's Lynn, is a Gothic revival style building designed by Anthony Salvin and built in 1846.

 

St John the Evangelist, King's Lynn:

 

St John the Evangelist, King's Lynn:

 

St John the Evangelist, King's Lynn: The font and wooden cover of

 

The pulpit of St John the Evangelist Church, King's Lynn:

 

St John the Evangelist Church, King's Lynn:

 


19. The Library

The interesting design of the 'Public Library' building in King's Lynn, quite a piece of architecture. This Edwardian public library was funded and opened by the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.

 

'Public Library' King's Lynn :

 

'Public Library' King's Lynn :

 

'Public Library' King's Lynn :


20. Greyfriars Tower and Tower Gardens

 

The few ruinous remains of the 13th-15th century Greyfriars tower of King's Lynn's Franciscan friary set out in some nicely laid out gardens and accompanied by the war memorial.

 

This is the last significant architectural feature of the friary established in the 1230s by a group of Franciscan Friars.

 

The grade 1 listed Greyfriars tower is surrounded by the Friary Gardens, whose grounds were once part of the land of the medieval friary.

 

The Methodist Chapel in London Road, King's Lynn, is just across from Greyfriars Tower and Gardens.


21. All Saints' Church

The parish of All Saints Church, King's Lynn, is mentioned in the Domesday Book and the ancient church of All Saints is a fine looking building surrounded by houses west of London Road. The outside walls surrounding clerestory windows are built with the lovely chequered pattern of flint and stone.

 

All Saints Church, King's Lynn:

 

All Saints Church, King's Lynn:


22. The South Gate

 Its a bit of walk down London Road, but the stroll down to the South Gate, King's Lynn, is well worth the effort. It is quite an impressively solid piece of medieval 15th century architecture built in brick - as many of the medieval buildings in King's Lynn are. Despite the busy road traffic passing it by, it has survived very well with the minimum of restoration.

 

View from the south of this imposing Ancient Scheduled Monument, a Grade I listed building, and all of its three floors can be visited. The South Gate is the most impressive part remaining of King's Lynn's defensive wall, tower and gate system.

 

View of the South Gate from the south on London Road. The South Gate didn't just act as part of the town defences, but was also used to collect tolls and duty on merchandise entering the Lynn town.

 

 

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